Alcohol dependence

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Alcohol dependence

(AKA alcoholism, alcoholic state.) See description of dependence syndromes.




Special Questionnaires
  • FAST test[1][2][3]
  • CAGE and other tests[4]
  • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) test[5]

Clinical examination

Laboratory tests

[e.g. Gamma GT]

Predisposing Factors

  • Genetics
    • Higher concordance in MZ twins than DZ
    • Adoption studies show higher­ rates in adopted children from alcoholic parents
  • Personality
  • Advertising
  • Peer group pressures
  • Psychiatric illness
  • Social factors
    • Religion
    • Tradition / cultural factors
    • Economic factors (cheap price leads to greater­ consumption)
    • Occupation
      • Availability of alcohol (Landlords, bartenders etc)
      • Stress of job (Doctors!)

Complications of Alcohol Dependence


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