Alexander Duncan Langmuir
Alexander Duncan Langmuir (12 September, 1910 - 22 November, 1993) took up in 1949 a position at the then Communicable Disease Center and used this to revolutionize the public health practice of epidemiology worldwide most notably with the concept of "shoe leather epidemiology" and the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS). He made contributions to malaria then influenza surveillance, helped demonstrate that raw seafood spread hepatitis. The organisation and its tools for surveillance he created was able to identify in days that a single polio vaccine was responsible for an outbreak of polio and later was involved in defining the Guillain-Barre syndrome complication issues with a particular swine flu vaccine. International public health policy changed as a result of his teams investigations into liquid diets, tampon associated toxic-shock syndrome, and aspirin causing Reye's syndrome.
- ↑ LANGMUIR AD. The contribution of the survey method to epidemiology. American journal of public health and the nation's health. 1949 Jun; 39(6):747.
- ↑ Stokes M, Jones DJ. ABC of colorectal diseases. Colorectal trauma. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 1992 Aug 1; 305(6848):303-6.
- ↑ NATHANSON N, LANGMUIR AD. THE CUTTER INCIDENT. POLIOMYELITIS FOLLOWING FORMALDEHYDE- INACTIVATED POLIOVIRUS VACCINATION IN THE UNITED STATES DURING THE SPRING OF 1955. II. RELATIONSHIP OF POLIOMYELITIS TO CUTTER VACCINE. American journal of hygiene. 1963 Jul; 78:29-60.
- ↑ Langmuir AD. Swine influenza virus vaccine incident. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 1984 Jul; 77(7):621.
- ↑ Langmuir AD. Toxic-shock syndrome--an epidemiologist's view. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1982 Apr; 145(4):588-91.