Alexander Duncan Langmuir

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Alexander Duncan Langmuir (12 September, 1910 - 22 November, 1993) took up in 1949 a position at the then Communicable Disease Center and used this to revolutionize the public health practice of epidemiology worldwide most notably with the concept of "shoe leather epidemiology"[1] and the Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS). He made contributions to malaria then influenza surveillance[2], helped demonstrate that raw seafood spread hepatitis. The organisation and its tools for surveillance he created was able to identify in days that a single polio vaccine was responsible for an outbreak of polio[3] and later was involved in defining the Guillain-Barre syndrome complication issues with a particular swine flu vaccine[4]. International public health policy changed as a result of his teams investigations into liquid diets, tampon associated toxic-shock syndrome[5], and aspirin causing Reye's syndrome.