Alexis Carrel

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Alexis Carrel (1873-1944) was a French surgeon who moved to America in 1904 where he laid down the foundations for the surgical techniques necessary for organ transplantation.[1] Interestingly, early in his career, he received lessons from a French seamstress.

Won the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in recognition of his work on vascular suture and the transplantation of blood vessels and organs.[2]