Appraising review articles

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see PHRU on appraising review articles

  • Clear questions and methods. Were the questions and methods clearly stated?
  • Comprehensive search. Were the search methods used to locate relevant reports of studies fairly comprehensive?
  • Explicit inclusion criteria. Were explicit methods used to determine which articles to include in the review?
  • Quality of primary studies. Was the methodological quality of the primary studies assessed?
  • Explanation of quality of papers. Were the selection and assessment of the primary and secondary studies adequately explained?
  • Appropriate combination. Were the results of the primary studies combined appropriately?
  • Conclusions supported. Were the reviewer’s conclusions supported by the data cited?

An article has suggested that reviews may be more subject to ghost writer and undeclared author bias than original work[1].