Balanitis xerotica obliterans
- Occurs later in life usually, but can occur in childhood
- Foreskin is:
- sometimes adherent to glans
- Epidermal atrophy, but orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis
- Expanded, hyalinised lamina propria
- Vacuolar basal degeneration
- Lichenoid band-like chronic inflammatory infiltrate
Circumcision is the only effective treatment and is usually curative if the surgery is done before the condition spreads onto the glans or penile shaft skin.
Some have tried steroid creams but the evidence for this is weak and conflicting.
- ↑ Stühmer, A.: Balanitis xerotica obliterans (post-operationem) und ihre Beziehungen zur “Kraurosis glandis et praeputii penis,” Arch f. Dermat. u. Syph. 156:613, 1928.
- ↑ http://www.cirp.org/library/treatment/BXO/freeman1/
- ↑ ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGY AND SYPHILOLOGY, Volume 49: Page 57-59 http://www.cirp.org/library/treatment/BXO/laymon1/#n2
This article is a stub. Please feel free to expand it and make it more encyclopaedic.