Bornholm disease

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Pain in the ribs named after an island

Bornholm disease (epidemic myalgia, epidemic pleurodynia) is a viral infectious disease, producing muscular pain in the chest[1]. First reported in the Scandinavian island of Bornholm [2]. Tend to occur in small waves but can be hard to identify outside the epidemic situation without serology.

Implicated viruses include Coxsackie and Echo group viruses. It is no surprise that Picornaviridae have been associated also by retrospective serology with a wider range of muscle diseases including myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy.


  1. HOPKINS JH. Bornholm disease. British medical journal. 1950 May 27; 1(4664):1230-2.
  2. Sylvest, E. Bull. Epidemic myalgia. Off. int. Hyg. Publ. 1932;24:1431

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