Canada’s health system has separate federal, provincial/territorial and regional level governance. Medicare is a single-payer, universal scheme devolved to provincial/territory administration, so the three territories and ten provinces do health care capacity planning mainly influenced by the political control implicate from finance from general federal and provincial taxation. Secondary care is provided by both private (for-profit and not- for-profit) and public organizations. Some health roles are reserved for the Federal Government such as the armed forces, and registered First Nations people. Apart from public health matters and educational subsidiaries there was historically minimal planning in ambulatory care. As of 2017 provinces and territories are implementing plans for primary health care reform, with funding support from the federal Primary Health Care Transition Fund.