Classified classically as dilative, hypertrophic, or restrictive on echocardiographic findings this may not be so helpful in determining aetiology. The commonest cause is ischaemic, but the interactions with genes, infections, toxins and hypertension can make these causes underestimated. Chronic adenergic stimulation (catecholamines) is also a known cause.
Very wide and the list below is not exhaustive.
- Genetic mutations in:
- CALR3 causes familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 19
- CAV3 causes familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- DES coding desmin causes:
- DMD causes dilated cardiomyopathy 3B
- DSP causes dilated cardiomyopathy with woolly hair and keratoderma
- FKTN causes dilated cardiomyopathy 1X
- LMNA (codes lamin A/C) causes:
- MFM1 causing myofibrillar myopathy 1
- MTATP8 causing:
- MYH7 causes:
- MYL2 causing familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 10
- MYL3 causing familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 8
- MYLK2 causing digenic midventricular hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- MYPN causing:
- SCN5A causing dilated cardiomyopathy 1E
- SDHA causing dilated cardiomyopathy 1GG
- TNNI3 causing:
- TNNT2 causing:
- Anything unidentified. This grouping gets ever smaller as clinical science advances suggesting it lumped together viral, toxin and genetic causes that clinicans did not understand at the time.
- Removal of precipitant
- ACE inhibitors
- Beta blockers
Pages in category "Cardiomyopathy"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total.