Category:Enteric pathogens

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Contents

Introduction

Aetiology

Enteric pathogens include:

Clinical

Many enteric pathogens can cause gastroenteritis. Some cause febrile illnesses.

Investigations

Blood tests

Radiology

Treatment

Medical

Surgical

Prevention

Ensure no secondary spread by advice on hygiene and exclusion from work, as per HPA guidance. The usual rule is to exclude patients from work or school until they are well (and they have had no diarrhoea or vomiting) for 48 hours. Typhoid and paratyphoid are an exception requiring longer exclusion. The details depend on what the infection organism is, and the job they do (or if they're in other risk categories).

If the patient is a food handler, has reason to think they got ill from e.g. restaurant food, or cares for vulnerable people, this should lower the threshold for sending a stool sample - and, in the first two instances (food handler or commercial food implicated) for informing the local CCDC.

Notification

Food poisoning (whatever the cause) and the following diseases, whether suspected or proven, are statutorily notifiable:


(See full list of notifiable diseases.)

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