Made from either natural latex or synthetic rubber. Mixed in with flavourings, sugars (e.g. xylitol or sorbitol) and/or artificial sweeteners. In large quantities, these synthetic sugars can cause chronic diarrhoea.
The use of chewing gum prior to general anaesthesia is regarded as some as the equivalent of having consumed clear fluids and may require, in the elective setting, 2 hours to allow stomach emptying prior to intubation.
- ↑ Bauditz J, Norman K, Biering H, Lochs H, Pirlich M. Severe weight loss caused by chewing gum. BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 2008 Jan 12; 336(7635):96-7.(Link to article – subscription may be required.)
- ↑ Schuster R, Grewal N, Greaney GC, Waxman K. Gum chewing reduces ileus after elective open sigmoid colectomy. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960). 2006 Feb; 141(2):174-6.(Link to article – subscription may be required.)
- ↑ South AR, Somers SM, Jog MS. Gum chewing improves swallow frequency and latency in Parkinson patients: a preliminary study. Neurology. 2010 Apr 13; 74(15):1198-202.(Link to article – subscription may be required.)