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See Help:Copyright. Templates to define common copyright terms exist and you should not use on this wiki material that is copyright and infringes the copyright owners fair use provisions which it is up to you to be familiar with. Referencing and acknowledging copyright material does not mean that you may not have infringed copyright. If you take notes of a lecture they are your own original work, but paraphasing a single original work, keeping the original meaning and then publishing this as your own work is almost certainly an infringement of copyright. Extracting the facts from original works and giving your own opinions on their interpretation is what Ganfyd is about. See our own license terms at Ganfyd:Copyrights. Copyright in the UK starts as soon as that idea is expressed in a work and does not have to be registered. It is currently restricted to copying, distributing and revising an original work, it does not protect ideas.



  • Do not copy published tables or figures as they are in original publication. Perhaps a figure convey a point as a table and visa versa to make a point consistent with a review.
  • Use more than one source and interpret. Few single review articles in the literature will ever be considered the definitive monograph.
  • It seem reasonable to define a medical condition so your reader understands your interpretation. If the definition is easily accessible an extract in note form might be helpful and the authors are perhaps more likely to have a relaxed attitude to their copyright, which without a doubt exists. Perhaps definitions of conditions that can only be accessed on a pay as you view basis need more care. Perhaps such definitions deserve not to be used !

Historical context

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The Lancet helped defined the intellectual property component of medical lectures following an injunction by John Abernethy the founder of St Bartholomew's medical college in 1825. These should not be copied and published for profit[1]. A recent review of UK copyright law is available[2].

The first copyright act in the UK, was the Statute of Anne in 1710 (An Act for the Encouragement of Learning). It granted rights and monopolies to book printers. The most recent act in the UK is the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

Intellectual property rights can reward true innovation and have certainly been an essential component allowing the evolution of our present culture.

International context

Different cultures and societies can have quite differing interpretations of the implementation and benefits of copyright. In some all copyright has been seen as a matter for the state.