The continuation of the popliteal vein as it passes through the upper margin of the popliteal fossa, carrying blood from the lower limb back towards the inferior vena cava. The femoral vein is joined by the profunda femoris vein to form the common femoral vein. The inguinal ligament marks the transition from femoral vein to external iliac vein.
The use of the term superficial femoral vein to describe the femoral vein between the popliteal fossa and the confluence of the profunda femoris vein is deprecated. This may cause confusion amongst more ignorant physicians, who may decide not to treat a femoral vein thrombosis on the erroneous basis that it is a 'superficial' vein.
- ↑ Caggiati A, Bergan JJ, Gloviczki P, Jantet G, Wendell-Smith CP, Partsch H. Nomenclature of the veins of the lower limbs: an international interdisciplinary consensus statement. Journal of vascular surgery : official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery and. International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter. 2002 Aug; 36(2):416-22.
- ↑ Bundens WP, Bergan JJ, Halasz NA, Murray J, Drehobl M. The superficial femoral vein. A potentially lethal misnomer. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 1995 Oct 25; 274(16):1296-8.
- ↑ Hammond I. The superficial femoral vein. Radiology. 2003 Nov; 229(2):604; discussion 604-6.(Link to article – subscription may be required.)