Painless urinary retention in young females with associated electromyographic abnormalities of the external urethral sphincter. 40% of cases have polycystic ovarian syndrome. It sometimes conflated with other causes of urinary retention with no apparent cause.
Treatment may ultimately require intermittent self-catheterisation or sacral nerve stimulation/neuromodulation.
- ↑ Fowler CJ, Kirby RS, Harrison MJ. Decelerating burst and complex repetitive discharges in the striated muscle of the urethral sphincter, associated with urinary retention in women. Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry. 1985 Oct; 48(10):1004-9.
- ↑ Fowler CJ, Christmas TJ, Chapple CR, Parkhouse HF, Kirby RS, Jacobs HS. Abnormal electromyographic activity of the urethral sphincter, voiding dysfunction, and polycystic ovaries: a new syndrome? BMJ (Clinical research ed.). 1988 Dec 3; 297(6661):1436-8.