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Galen (Γαληνός, Galēnos, Claudius Galenus) (129 ~ 200/216) was a Greek physician (Pergamum, Mysia now in Turkey) whose works and ideas codified medical thinking derived from the later Roman Empire for a thousand years afterwards. He was the personal physician of the Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius from about 162. His contributions are often therefore nowadays thought to be negative, but actually his advanced surgical techniques such as cataract surgery were effectively lost and his Greek works when later translated from the original into Arabic and renaissance Latin provided a basis for correcting the misunderstandings of both himself and others.

See Wikipedia:Galen