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Greek: glue

The glia is composed of glial cells, commonly called neuroglia, and provides structural and functional support for neurons. Functions and characteristics include:

  • Structural
    • Surround neurons and hold them in place
  • Nutritional functions
    • Supply nutrients and oxygen to neurons
    • Remove metobolic wastes
  • Perform immune functions
    • Destroy pathogens
    • Phagocytose dead neurons
  • Neurotransmission functions
    • Modulate neurotransmission
    • Insulate neurons from other neurons

Types include: