Global Burden of Disease Study

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The Global Burden of Disease Study commenced in 1990 as a single World Bank commissioned study, now called GBD 1990 and published most effectively in terms of impact in 1993[1] although the seminal mongraph was in 1996[2]. It utilised disability-adjusted life-years as a useful metric for international comparative healthcare. The original work was mainly done by WHO and Harvard University researchers. Updates followed, initially under WHO sponsorship. It is currently sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation allowing much more rapid data publication. Updates include:

It has documented for most of the worlds population marked gains in life expectancy since 1970, that for much of the world continue as of 2019. It also identifies the differential impact of significant public health issues such as dengue fever and the opioid epidemic created by more ready availability of prescription opioids.

References

  1. World development report 1993 : investing in health 1993
  2. Murray CJL Lopez AD. The Global Burden of Disease: a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projected to 2020. Harvard University Press on behalf of the World Health Organization and The World Bank, Cambridge MA; 1996]
  3. GBD 2004
  4. Wang H, Dwyer-Lindgren L, Lofgren KT, Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Levin-Rector A, Levitz CE, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Age-specific and sex-specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 Lancet. 2012; 380: 2071-2094
  5. GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015 Jan 10;385(9963):117-71. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)61682-2
  6. Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 Collaborators. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015 Aug 22;386(9995):743-800. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60692-4
  7. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet. 2016 Oct 8;388(10053):1459-1544. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1
  8. GBD 2016 Mortality Collaborators. Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 Lancet. 2017 Sep 16;390(10100):1084-1150. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31833-0
  9. Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet. 2018 Nov 10;392(10159):1859-1922. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32335-3.