Help:Contribute

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Please roll up your sleeves, scratch your heads and get writing. A bit here and there will make a huge difference but original material and plenty of it is best. Don't be offended if your work is edited as even that may then be re-edited, that's the way of the wiki. If you disagree then go to discussions page and say why. Things are currently in their early days and your style may well prove to be right in the long term. At the end of the day please remember that it is meant to be fun!

Info bulb.pngClick on this link for a brief Quick Start Guide
Info bulb.pngClick on this link if completely new and wondering if its easy

Contents

The ethos behind ganfyd.org

Ganfyd.org was set up to act as a free repository for the vast amount of knowledge that doctors carry around in their heads, both of a factual nature (for example, the causes of Infective endocarditis) and of a practical nature (how to take blood from somebody with difficult veins, or how to deal with an abusive patient, or even how to ensure you don't become dehydrated on your first day as a doctor).

How ganfyd.org works

Ganfyd.org is based on the wiki format which allows the free and collaborative ethos to flourish. In the early days, Wikis tend to look like a very patchy encyclopaedia with most of the pages missing. Volunteers can add subjects and topics which are of interest to them and try and fill in the gaps. They can also amend or expand subjects which are already present. In order to allow readers to move from one subject to another, internal links between subjects can be used (a good example is the first paragraph of this page, which links to three different topics within its text). You can even make a link to a subject which hasn't yet been written yet(but you think would be a useful addition)!

Free for everyone

The important thing about this web site is that the content doesn't belong to any person or company. Everything here is free to be copied by anybody, as long as they don't use it for commercial gain. Every item of knowledge on this web site is editable as long as you are a qualified doctor registered with the General Medical Council (UK) or the equivalent bodies in Canada, the Republic of Ireland, Australia or New Zealand. We do not exclude other registered medical practitioners, it is just that verification of your qualification may be long winded or possibly impossible for us at this stage of the project. That means that if you have something to add on a subject or you have more up-to-date information, you are free to add to or amend it safe in the knowledge that you are part of a collaboration of like-minded professional volunteers.

See the specially creative commons License used on this site for more details: ganfyd-Attribution-NonCommercial-RegisteredMedical-ShareAlike 1.0. NB: This license is inspired by, but not endorsed by Creative Commons.

Registering

Go to the registration page to sign up!

There are no laws, just a few suggestions

Firstly, there are no centralised owners of this site, so you do not have to obtain permission to start, add to or amend a topic. However , in order to prevent chaos there are a few 'suggested guidelines' which we should all try to stick to:

  1. Nothing illegal! No defamatory, libellous, pornographic or obscene material please.
  2. Do not breach copyright. By adding content to this site, you should ensure that you write the content yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource, or have the permission of the copyright holder. DO NOT SUBMIT COPYRIGHTED WORK WITHOUT PERMISSION!
  3. Do not be over-protective. It is the nature of this site that anything can be added, amended or re-written, by any qualified doctor who has signed up. If you don't mind your writing to be edited mercilessly and redistributed at will, then don't submit it here! It works both ways of course, and you are free to amend other's works.
  4. Do not end up at war. Following on from the above, try not to get into a game of tennis with another contributer with both amending a work back and forth in a tit-for-tat manner. If you have a dispute, discuss it between you and try to find some common ground. If you cannot come to an agreement, invite an impartial third-party to arbitrate. Thankfully we are all grown-ups and this problem shouldn't arise too often. Each page has a discussion tab at the top where things like this can be ironed out.
  5. Follow a few conventions. These are things like how to name topics. See help:Style guide for details.

How to contribute

Editing a topic

Editing a Wiki page is quite simple. Just click on the "edit" tab at the top (or the edit link on the right or bottom) of a page. This will bring you to a page with a text box containing the editable text of that page. If you just want to experiment, please do so in the sandbox instead of on other pages. Alternatively, you can press the "Show preview" button instead of actually saving the page. You should write a short edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the legend, and when you have finished, press preview to see how your changes will look. You can also see what changes you have made in comparison to the previous version by pressing the "Show changes" button. If you're happy with what you see, then press "Save page" and your changes will be immediately applied to the article. Don't "sign" edits you make to regular articles (the software keeps track of who makes every change).

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding talk page, which contains comments about the page from other ganfyd.org users. Click on the "+" tab to add a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page. When editing talk pages, please sign your change.

Adding a new topic

Any qualified doctor can start writing more topics for the ganfyd.org knowledge base! There are a number of ways of adding new pages.

Creating a page after following a link

Many existing pages have internal links to topics which don't yet exist, but the author(s) thought should be added in the future. These links are in red, as opposed to the blue of links to existing pages.

By clicking on such a link, you will be taken to a page with "You've followed a link to a page that doesn't exist yet. To create the page, start typing in the box below (see the help page for more info). If you are here by mistake, just click your browser's back button." at the top of the page.

Below this is a text box for you to add content should you wish, much in the same way as if you were editing an existing page. To get the hang of things you can experiment in the sandbox. Before you add to a page, check the name of the page - make sure it is properly spelled. Sometimes whoever added the link in the page you arrived from may have misspelled the name of the topic. If this is the case, press the back button on your browser and edit the link to the correct spelling.

Creating a page from scratch

First you should Search (left-hand side of the page in the default skin) to see if someone has written a similar topic before you start one yourself. This way duplicate topics are avoided.

Decide whether a new topic is justified, or whether you can add to or amend the text of a related topic. Don't agonise over it, there are many pages which are a short note on a small topic, and pages can be merged and split according to later developments.

If you feel a new topic is justified, you can type in the URL of your as-yet non-existant page in your browser's address bar with the following format:

http://ganfyd.org/index.php?title:Name_of_page_you_wish_to_create 
Info bulb.png
Want a topic to write about?

Try wanted pages which is a list of pages that someone thought should exist when they wrote (and linked) another page. Pick and click one.

Note the use of the underscore '_' to replace spaces, and note that only the first word has a capital letter (unless it is a name such as Margaret_Thatcher').

With either method, you will be taken to a page with "You've followed a link to a page that doesn't exist yet. To create the page, start typing in the box below (see the help page for more info). If you are here by mistake, just click your browser's back button." at the top of the page.

You can also create a page by putting the title in the box and clicking Create article:

Below this is a text box for you to add content should you wish, much in the same way as if you were editing an existing page. To get the hang of things you can experiment in the sandbox. Before you add to a page, check the name of the page - make sure it is properly spelled. Sometimes whoever added the link in the page you arrived from may have misspelled the name of the topic. If this is the case, press the back button on your browser and edit the link to the correct spelling.

Naming Conventions

To avoid confusion, try and stick to the way things are named here - see Help:Naming conventions for more details.

Finding inspiration

  • You may wish to just experiment until something pops into your head. The sandbox is the perfect place to mess about until you are happy that you aren't going to accidentally wipe somebody's magnum opus from the web site and replace it with "hello world" or "just testing"!
  • If you want to see a list of topics which people have made links to in the hope that somebody will write them, have a look here!
  • If you want to look at a random topic to seek inspiration, click here!
  • If you would like to look at a (long) list of all topics, click here!


Adding more than just text

Wiki markup

The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a Wikipedia page.

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference, or take a screen-shot of it. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox. Try opening the Sandbox in a separate window or tab and keeping this page open for reference.

File:Toolbar.png



What it looks like What you type

Start your sections as follows:


New section<h2>

Subsection<h3>

Sub-subsection<h4>

Sub-sub-subsection<h5>
  • Start with a second-level heading (==); don't use first-level headings (=).
  • Don't skip levels (for example, second-level followed by fourth-level).
  • A table of contents will automatically be added to an article that has four or more sections.
  • If appropriate, place subsections in an appropriate order. If listing countries, place them in alphabetical order rather than, say, relative to population of OECD countries, or some random order.
  • If you want to keep headings out of the TOC you have to use HTML heading tags and close them without using a slash e.g. <h4>heading too low level to be in the toc of large page<h4>.
== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====

===== Sub-sub-subsection =====

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the function diff (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

  • When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).
A single '''newline'''
generally has no effect on the layout. 
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the function ''diff'' 
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

  • Please use this sparingly.
  • Close markup between lines;

do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br/>
without starting a new paragraph.

* Please use this sparingly.
* Close markup between lines;
do not start a [[link]] or ''italics'' or
'''bold''' on one line and close it on
the next.
  • It's easy to create a list:
    • Start every line with a star (asterisk).
      • More stars means deeper levels.
        • A newline in a list

marks the end of a list item.

  • An empty line starts a new list.
* It's easy to create a list:
** Start every line with a star (asterisk).
*** More stars means deeper levels.
**** A newline in a list
marks the end of a list item.

* An empty line starts a new list.
    1. Numbered lists are also good
      1. very organized
      2. easy to follow
        1. easier still
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
### easier still
  • You can even create mixed lists
    1. and nest them
      • like this
* You can even create mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
Definition list 
list of definitions
item 
the item's definition
another item
the other item's definition
  • One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
; another item
: the other item's definition
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

  • This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

When there is a need for separating a block of text

the blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

This is useful for (as the name says) inserting blocks of quoted (and cited) text.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent 
both margins when needed instead of the 
left margin only as the colon does.  
</blockquote>
IF a line starts with a space THEN
   it will be formatted exactly
   as typed;
   in a fixed-width font;
   lines will not wrap;
ENDIF

For larger preformatted text passages you can use the <pre>a lot of text</pre> tag.

  • This is useful for:
    • pasting preformatted text;
    • algorithm descriptions;
    • program source code;
    • ASCII art;
    • chemical structures;
  • WARNING: If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.
 IF a line starts with a space THEN
    it will be formatted exactly
    as typed;
    in a fixed-width font;
    lines will not wrap;
 ENDIF
Centered text.
  • Please note the US-English spelling of "center."
<center>Centered text.</center>

A horizontal dividing line: this is above it...


...and this is below it.

  • Mainly useful for
    • disambiguation - but to be used sparsely--only when separating completely different, unrelated (groups of) meanings
    • separating threads on Talk pages.
A horizontal dividing line:
this is above it...
----
...and this is below it.

Links and URLs

What it looks like What you type

Patient X has had a myocardial infarction.

  • A link to another Wikipedia article.
  • Internally, the first letter of the target page is automatically capitalized and spaces are represented as underscores (typing an underscore in the link has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).
  • Thus the link above is to the URL ganfyd.org/index.php?title=Myocardial_infarction, which is the Wiki article with the name "Myocardial infarction".
Patient X has had a [[myocardial infarction]].

Patient Y has had an MI.

  • Same target, different name.
  • This is a piped link.
  • The "piped" text must be placed first, the text that will be displayed, second.
Patient Y has had an 
[[myocardial infarction|MI]].

Patient Z has had multiple orgasmic events.

Examples include hearts, and brains.

  • Endings are blended into the link.
  • Preferred style is to use this instead of a piped link, if possible.
Patient Z has had multiple
[[orgasm]]ic events.

Examples include [[heart]]s,
and [[brain]]s.

See the Wikipedia:Manual of Style.

See the [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style]].

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump.

Or both: Manual of Style

  • The server fills in the part after the pipe character (|) when you save the page. The next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. When previewing your edits, you will not see the expanded form until you press Save and Edit again. The same applies to links to sections within the same page (see previous entry).

But not: [[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

  • In such a case the server does not fill in the part after the pipe character (|) even when you save the page.
Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]].

Automatically hide namespace: 
[[Wikipedia:Village Pump|]].

Or both:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)|]]

But not:
[[Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Links|]]

The weather in London is a page that does not exist yet.

  • You can create it by clicking on the link (but please do not do so with this particular link).
  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other (related) page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • For more information, see How to start a page and check out Wikipedia's naming conventions.
  • Please do not create a new article without linking to it from at least one other article.
[[The weather in London]] is a page 
that does not exist yet.

Wikipedia:How to edit a page is this page.

  • Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.
  • Do not use this technique to make the article name bold in the first paragraph; see the Manual of Style.
[[Wikipedia:How to edit a page]] is this page.

When adding a comment to a Talk page, you should sign it by adding three tildes to add your user name:

Adam Brown

or four to add user name plus date/time:

Adam Brown 00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)

Five tildes gives the date/time alone:

00:18, Nov 19, 2004 (UTC)
  • The first two both provide a link to your user page.
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it by adding
three tildes to add your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~
Five tildes gives the date/time alone:
: ~~~~~
#REDIRECT Penicillins
  • Redirect one article title to another by placing a directive like the one shown to the right on the first line of the article (such as at a page titled "Amoxicillin").
 #REDIRECT [[Penicillins]]
NO USE!
#REDIRECT Penicillins#Chemistry
  • Note that, while it is possible to link to a section, it is not possible to redirect to a section. For example, "#REDIRECT [[United Nations#International_Years]]" will redirect to the United Nations page, but not to any particular section on it. This feature will not be implemented in the future, so such redirects should not be used.
 NO USE!
 #REDIRECT [[Penicillins#Chemistry]]

A user's Contributions page can be linked as: Special:Contributions/UserName or Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0

A user's '''Contributions''' page can be linked as:
[[Special:Contributions/UserName]]
or
[[Special:Contributions/192.0.2.0]]
  • To put an article in a Category, place a link like the one to the right anywhere in the article. As with interlanguage links, it does not matter where you put these links while editing as they will always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended.
[[Category:Pharmacology]]
  • To link to a Category page without putting the article into the category, use an initial colon (:) in the link.
[[:Category:Pharmacology]]

Linking to other wikis:

  1. Interwiki link: Wiktionary:Hello
  2. Named interwiki link: Hello
  3. Interwiki link without prefix: Hello

Linking to another language's wiktionary:

  1. Wiktionary:fr:bonjour
  2. bonjour
  3. fr:bonjour
Linking to other wikis:
# Interwiki link: [[Wiktionary:Hello]]
# Named interwiki link: [[Wiktionary:Hello|Hello]]
# Interwiki link without prefix: [[Wiktionary:Hello|]]

Linking to another language's wiktionary:
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|bonjour]]
# [[Wiktionary:fr:bonjour|]]

ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

  • Link to books using their ISBN. This is preferred to linking to a specific online bookstore, because it gives the reader a choice of vendors.
  • ISBN links do not need any extra markup, provided you use one of the indicated formats.
ISBN 012345678X

ISBN 0-12-345678-X

Date formats:

  1. July 20, 1969
  2. 20 July 1969
  3. 1969-07-20
  4. 1969-07-20
  • Link dates in one of the above formats, so that everyone can set their own display order. If logged in, you can use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.
  • All of the above dates will appear as "20 July 1969" if you set your date display preference to "15 January 2001", but as "July 20, 1969" if you set it to "January 15, 2001", or as "1969-07-20" if you set it to "2001-01-15".
Date formats:
# [[July 20]], [[1969]]
# [[20 July]] [[1969]]
# [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
# [[1969-07-20]]

Sound

  • To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, use a "media" link. For images, see next section.
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

Images and other files

Only images or files that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.

Images of patients must have appropriate written consent and where possible any identifying features not required for the purposes of illustration should be censored. Images that do not required consent include:[2]

  • Images taken from pathology slides
  • X-rays
  • Laparoscopic images
  • Images of internal organs
  • Ultrasound images
What it looks like What you type
A picture:

Wiki.png

A picture: 
[[Image:wiki.png]]


With alternative text:

jigsaw globe

With alternative text:
[[Image:wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]
  • Alternative text, used when a mouse hovers over the image, when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternate text for images for help on choosing it.


Floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
Wikipedia Encyclopedia

Floating to the right side of the page and with a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]
  • The frame tag automatically floats the image right.
  • The caption is also used as alternate text.
  • to cancel a float at a certain text point, see Forcing a break,


Floating to the right side of the page without a caption:
Wikipedia Encyclopedia
Floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption:
[[Image:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]


Linking directly to the description page of an image:

Image:wiki.png

Linking directly to the description page of an image:
[[:Image:wiki.png]]
  • Clicking on an image displayed on a page (such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page
Linking directly to an image without displaying it:

Image of the ganfyd virus logo

Linking directly to an image without displaying it:
[[media:wiki.png|Image of the ganfyd virus logo]]
  • To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.
  • To use a file other than an image, use
    [[media:filename.xxx]]
    or
    [[media:filename.xxx|text to display]]

Please note that many file types (.exe files, scripts, .zip archives etc) are not allowed due to the risk of virus transmission. Rich text format (.rtf) text files and Adobe™ .pdf files are allowed. MS Word™ documents are tolerated through gritted teeth. Try not to make files too large.

See the Wikipedia's image use policy as a guideline for use on ganfyd.

For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the topic on Extended image syntax.

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double, triple, and quintuple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
''Emphasize'', '''strongly''', '''''very strongly'''''.

A typewriter font for monospace text or for computer code: int main()

  • For semantic reasons, using <code> where applicable is preferable to using <tt>.
A typewriter font for <tt>monospace text</tt>
or for computer code: <code>int main()</code>

You can use small text for captions.

You can use <small>small text</small> for captions.

You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.

You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup rather than visual markup.

  • When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.
  • When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material.
You can <s>strike out deleted material</s>
and <u>underline new material</u>.

You can also mark <del>deleted material</del> and
<ins>inserted material</ins> using logical markup
rather than visual markup.

Diacritical marks:
À Á Â Ã Ä Å
Æ Ç È É Ê Ë
Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò
Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù
Ú Û Ü ß à á
â ã ä å æ ç
è é ê ë ì í
î ï ñ ò ó ô
œ õ ö ø ù ú
û ü ÿ


&Agrave; &Aacute; &Acirc; &Atilde; &Auml; &Aring; 
&AElig; &Ccedil; &Egrave; &Eacute; &Ecirc; &Euml; 
&Igrave; &Iacute; &Icirc; &Iuml; &Ntilde; &Ograve; 
&Oacute; &Ocirc; &Otilde; &Ouml; &Oslash; &Ugrave; 
&Uacute; &Ucirc; &Uuml; &szlig; &agrave; &aacute; 
&acirc; &atilde; &auml; &aring; &aelig; &ccedil; 
&egrave; &eacute; &ecirc; &euml; &igrave; &iacute;
&icirc; &iuml; &ntilde; &ograve; &oacute; &ocirc; 
&oelig; &otilde; &ouml; &oslash; &ugrave; &uacute; 
&ucirc; &uuml; &yuml;

Punctuation:
¿ ¡ § ¶ |
† ‡ • – —
‹ › « »
‘ ’ “ ”


&iquest; &iexcl; &sect; &para; &brvbar;
&dagger; &Dagger; &bull; &ndash; &mdash;
&lsaquo; &rsaquo; &laquo; &raquo;
&lsquo; &rsquo; &ldquo; &rdquo;

Commercial symbols:
™ © ® ¢ € ¥
£ ¤


&trade; &copy; &reg; &cent; &euro; &yen; 
&pound; &curren;

Subscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉

Superscripts:
x1 x2 x3 or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹

  • The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.

ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m.

1 hectare = 1 E4 m²


x<sub>1</sub> x<sub>2</sub> x<sub>3</sub> or
<br/>
x&#8320; x&#8321; x&#8322; x&#8323; x&#8324;
<br/>
x&#8325; x&#8326; x&#8327; x&#8328; x&#8329;
x<sup>1</sup> x<sup>2</sup> x<sup>3</sup> or
<br/>
x&#8304; x&sup1; x&sup2; x&sup3; x&#8308;
<br/>
x&#8309; x&#8310; x&#8311; x&#8312; x&#8313;

&epsilon;<sub>0</sub> =
8.85 &times; 10<sup>&minus;12</sup>
C&sup2; / J m.

1 hectare = [[1 E4 m&sup2;

Greek characters:
α β γ δ ε ζ
η θ ι κ λ μ ν
ξ ο π ρ σ ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω
Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π
Σ Φ Ψ Ω


&alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; 
&eta; &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; 
&xi; &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigma; &sigmaf;
&tau; &upsilon; &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
&Gamma; &Delta; &Theta; &Lambda; &Xi; &Pi; 
&Sigma; &Phi; &Psi; &Omega;

Mathematical characters:
∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞
≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥
× · ÷ ∂ ′ ″
∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø
∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇
¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇔
→ ↔


&int; &sum; &prod; &radic; &minus; &plusmn; &infin;
&asymp; &prop; &equiv; &ne; &le; &ge;
&times; &middot; &divide; &part; &prime; &Prime;
&nabla; &permil; &deg; &there4; &alefsym; &oslash;
&isin; &notin; &cap; &cup; &sub; &sup; &sube; &supe;
&not; &and; &or; &exist; &forall; &rArr; &hArr;
&rarr; &harr;

Suppressing interpretation of markup:
Link → (''to'') the [[Help:Contents]]

  • Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.
  • Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.
  • Does not escape HTML character references.
  • To escape HTML character references such as &rarr; use &amp;rarr;


<nowiki>Link &rarr; (''to'') 
the [[Help:Contents]]</nowiki>

Commenting page source:
not shown when viewing page

  • Used to leave comments in a page for future editors.
  • Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page.


<!-- comment here -->

Table of contents

Having at least four headers on a page triggers a "table of contents" (a clickable list of section headers) to appear just before the first header, after any introductory text. You can modify this behavior by putting one of the following tags in the page:

  • __TOC__ - places a table of contents at the exact spot on the page where this tag is positioned.
  • __NOTOC__ - disables the automatic table of contents
  • __FORCETOC__ - a table of contents is added even if the page has fewer than four headings
  • Various alphabetical and alternative forms are available at Wikipedia:Template messages/Compact table of contents

For more information, see Wikipedia:Section.

Tables

There are two ways to build tables:

  • in special Wiki-markup (see Help:Table)
  • with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.

For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see Wikipedia:How to use tables.

Variables

Code Effect
{{CURRENTMONTH}} 12
{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} December
{{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} December
{{CURRENTDAY}} 21
{{CURRENTDAYNAME}} Sunday
{{CURRENTYEAR}} 2014
{{CURRENTTIME}} 21:45
{{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 8,980
{{PAGENAME}} Contribute
{{NAMESPACE}} Help
{{REVISIONID}} 56620
{{localurl:pagename}} /index.php?title=Pagename
{{localurl:Wikipedia:Sandbox|action=edit}} http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandbox?action=edit
{{SERVER}} http://www.ganfyd.org
{{ns:1}} Talk
{{ns:2}} User
{{ns:3}} User talk
{{ns:4}} Ganfyd
{{ns:5}} Ganfyd talk
{{ns:6}} File
{{ns:7}} File talk
{{ns:8}} MediaWiki
{{ns:9}} MediaWiki talk
{{ns:10}} Template
{{ns:11}} Template talk
{{ns:12}} Help
{{ns:13}} Help talk
{{ns:14}} Category
{{ns:15}} Category talk
{{SITENAME}} Ganfyd

More Complex Markup Including Parsing and String Functions

A number of special parsing and string manibulation functions have been implimented whose main use is in template design. They allow active control of the wiki display based on the variables entered in a template but also allow string manipulation.

The details are accessible from Help:Advanced functions
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