Infective rhinitis

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Infective rhinitis or acute rhinitis may be due to a variety of different organisms. Typically, there are three phases.

  • Dry prodromal phase - symptoms of chills, headache, fatigue and loss of appetite
  • Catarrhal phase - begins a few hours later, with watery nasal secretion, obstruction, anosmia and lacrimation
  • Mucous phase - after a few days, secretions thicken and gradually regress.

Pathogenesis

Infection is caused by a rhinovirus. More than 100 types have been isolated, belonging to the Picorna group.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment, and all treatments are symptomatic treatments.

  • Decongestants
  • Steam inhalation
  • Analgesia
  • Bedrest
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