Intellectual disability

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Intellectual disability is a substantial impairment of cognitive and adaptive functions that has onset in childhood. Former terms with similar meaning are cognitive impairment and mental retardation. Dementia has a different definition. A large range of conditions can cause intellectual disability.

Contents

Congenital

Genetic

A wide range of genes have been associated[1].

Non-syndromic mutations

Some also cause syndromic - see below (italics suspected as of 2012 ).

Syndromic mutations

Include:

Acquired

This article is a work in progress. Please feel free to contribute to it.


References

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