Lev Vygotsky

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Vygotsky (1896-1934) was a Soviet Psychologist who is most famous for his model of childhood cognitive development, described as "The Child As Apprentice" theory.

Key concepts

  • Social constructivism
Knowledge is constructed using the tools with which society provides the child
  • Cultural level development
Cultural tools include:
  • Technology(e.g. clocks, bicycles)
  • Psychology (e.g. language, science)
  • Values (e.g. efficiency, power).
  • Interpersonal level development
Scaffolding and the Zone of Proximal Development