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Imaging of the breast. Traditionally, done by a combination of plain radiographs taken at different views, usually the cranial-caudal and medial-lateral oblique views, but increasingly being challenged by MRI mammography.[1]

One of the main investigations in breast cancer.

A large screening programme of mammography for breast cancer operates in the UK. It was introduced before improvements in survival from Tamoxifen use were obvious. The benefit and harm of the screening programme is finely balanced.[2]


  1. Kuhl CK, Schrading S, Bieling HB, Wardelmann E, Leutner CC, Koenig R, Kuhn W, Schild HH. MRI for diagnosis of pure ductal carcinoma in situ: a prospective observational study. Lancet. 2007 Aug 11; 370(9586):485-92.(Link to article – subscription may be required.)
  2. Abolishing Mammography Screening Programs? A View from the Swiss Medical Board. Nikola Biller-Andorno, M.D., Ph.D., and Peter Jüni, M.D. N Engl J Med 2014; 370:1965-1967 [1]