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Oophorectomy is the removal of the ovaries surgically. Commonly done to treat ovarian cancer or prevent it in those with the BRCA1 mutation. A salpingectomy almost always performed at the same time (salpingo-oophorectomy) as most ovarian' cancers are now thought to arise from neoplastic precursors in the Fallopian tube epithelium rather than the ovary itself.

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