Plasmodium malariae

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Plasmodium malariae is an important human cause of malaria, generally causing less severe disease but having a very similar distribution to Plasmodium falciparum and being difficult to distinguish from it on usual blood film examination. It is primarily found in Anopheles mosquitos or humans but causes asymptomatic in chimpanzees from Africa. This means that in some parts of the world eradication might be difficult due to non human reservoirs of infection. It has a 78 hour life cycle.

Taxonomy

References