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A systemic disease caused by a variety of Borrelia species, including Borrelia recurrentis, which is louse-borne; and various other species which are tick-borne. Classically epidemic where spread by lice, and endemic when spread by ticks.
Visualisation of spirochaetes in peripheral blood smear.
Post exposure prophylaxis
- ↑ Hawker J, Begg N, Blair I, Reintjes R, Weinberg J. Communicable disease control handbook (S3.62, pp184-5). 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific, 2005.