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Greek for mouth.

Refers to an artificially constructed connection between a hollow or tubular organ and another surface, usually the skin surface. They can be thought of as iatrogenic fistulae to bypass a lesion.


Gastrointestinal Stoma

Common examples include

Historical Note

Alexis St. Martin was a French Canadian voyageur who received an accidental musket discharge into the stomach in 1822.[1] He was treated (with little hope) by Dr William Beaumont, a US Army surgeon at the local army post. To everybody's surprise he recovered, though the skin never quite healed over the lost flesh and ribs thus allowing Dr Beaumont to study the mucosa of St Martin's stomach during digestion, anger and other situations. St Martin subsequently married and had a family.


Urostomy is the general term and not always very descriptive.

Respiratory Stoma

Further reading