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A persistent noise that can only be heard by the sufferer. It can indicate disease of the cochlea or vestibulocochlear nerve. It can be incredibly debilitating and can even drive sufferers to suicide.
Tinnitus is a symptom, and may occur in isolation, or precede or follow vertigo in characteristic patterns.
Supportive treatment is usually all that can be offered. It some areas specialised tinnitus clinics may exist for this purpose. Advice can include listening to distracting noises such as a radio or using a tinnitus masker.
Tranquilisers or hypnotics may be useful if used judiciously.
Cognitive behavioural therapy may be of benefit to sufferers even though it makes little difference to the symptoms.