Typhoid

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Contents

Introduction

Info bulb.pngPrince Albert (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) died of Typhoid (or at least, of an illness commencing with Typhoid) in 1861. Public health measures applied to the poor also protect the rich.

Typhoid is a serious infectious disease, caused by a bacterium Salmonella typhi (S. typhi), and spread through sewage - the faecal-oral route. It is statutorily notifiable as one of the notifiable disease; as well as being a form of food poisoning.

It is mainly regarded as a tropical disease, but may easily be imported from abroad and is only prevented from spreading by the extensive sanitary and hygienic measures which are part of our infrastructure.

See also Gastroenteritis and Enteric pathogens (where there is a link to the HPA guidance on the management of infection with enteric pathogens).

This article is a stub. Please feel free to expand it and make it more encyclopaedic.

Aetiology

Causative organism: Salmonella typhi (S. typhi).

(Note that there are also other species of Salmonella bacteria.)

Clinical

Investigations

Blood tests

Radiology

Treatment

Medical

Surgical

Prevention

Post exposure prophylaxis

Notification

ICD code

ICD-10_-_A01

External links